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This publication outlines the Country Programme Action Plan from 2015-2019 between the Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and UNFPA. Afghanistan has had significant improvements in some health indicators over the last decade. For example, from 2002 to 2007, the number of functioning primary health care facilities increased from 496 to 1,169, and the proportion of facilities with female staff rose from 39 percent in 2004 to 76 percent in 2006. There has also been a reported ten-fold increase in number of midwives; from 467 in 2002 to 4,600 by 2014. Primary health care coverage expanded to 68 percent in 2008, from only 9 percent in 2002. About 86 percent of the population lives within 2 hours of a health facility and skilled birth attendance and health facility deliveries have both risen to 40 percent. However, there is still areas that need to be improved. For instance, the contraceptive prevalence rate remains low at 22 percent with large and undocumented unmet need for family planning. There is limited data on up-to-date basic and comprehensive emergency obstetrics care coverage.